In 1942, artists who had been inspired by the freedom movement, by the anti-fascist struggle and by the sweep of Communism formed the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA). Among their serried ranks were Prithviraj Kapoor, Ravi Shankar, Utpal Dutt, Ritwik Ghatak and so many more familiar and unfamiliar names, whose talents built up the various culture industries of Independent India. They wanted to make art that was socially relevant and that was in some way an adjutant to the freedom movement. The Bengal Famine of 1943 provided them with the spur.
The combination of being an able scholar, critic and artist is rare enough, but to combine this with an influential teaching career is an achievement. At the University of Baroda, Professor K.G. Subramanyam has inspired more than two generations of artists, not only by his own work but by the impact of his critical writings.