From Volga to Ganga: Creating Plausible Fiction
PK Basant
FROM VOLGA TO GANGA (Volga se Ganga) by Kanwal Dhaliwal and Maya Joshi Left Word Books, New Delhi, 2021, 383 pp., 595.00
August 2021, volume 45, No 8

It is wonderful to see a reissue of the translation of Volga Se Ganga by Rahul Sankrityayan with a fine introduction by Maya Joshi. The original translation by VG Kiernan has been edited by Kanwal Dhaliwal and Maya Joshi with an additional translated chapter that had been missed out in the original edition. The book also includes translations of two reviews written in the forties.

Sankrityayan remains an extraordinary intellectual figure of the twentieth century. The Biblical scale of his wanderings, intellectual and physical, still dazzle. Even when he was imprisoned, his imagination soared to create an extraordinary book of fiction called From Volga se Ganga.

An attempted history of the Aryan communities and their Indian successors over a period of eight thousand years, history-cum-fiction-cum-travelogue, it defies bracketing within any discipline. The 1930s and 40s were interesting times in India. Many national leaders produced books while in jail. It speaks of the quality of those leaders and of the British jails too. Indians were just about waking up to the possibility of knowledge creation in the field of history. Jawaharlal Nehru too wrote on history. Neither was a card carrying historian. That probably helped them ask impossible questions and find connections that practising historians overlooked. It has been said that all nationalisms are based on a necessary misreading of the past. However, these historians who were in the thick of the nationalist struggle did not succumb to narrow nationalist fragmentation.

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